what caused the reign of terror

Most of the people rounded up were not aristocrats, but ordinary people. Many dispute that the Reign of Terror simply does not exist due to the fact that there was already violence occurring before this supposed period of time. The Jacobins then had firm control of both the National Convention and France as a nation, left to deal with the violence and repression on the streets of France. The Reign of Terror was caused by the evolution of the French Revolution. A man (and his family) might go to the guillotine for saying something critical of the revolutionary government. The reign of terror was a period of violence in which occurred from 1793- 1794 after the strong onset of the French Revolution. 2 What were the main causes of the Reign of Terror The main causes of the reign from AP CHEM 506 at Kennedy High School The Reign of Terror began in order to repress counter-revolutionary groups, which forced the Committee of Public Safety, led by Robespierre, to use the ‘humane’ form of execution- the guillotine. This shows that before the Reign of Terror strong violence was already occurring and was a large part of the nation. This period of time lasted from September 1793 to July 1794, and it happened after the … He believed that it was “One’s duty to punish traitors, to help the needy, respect the weak, defend the oppressed, do good to one’s neighbour and behave justly,” meaning he wanted to punish those who were against the government in any way and act justly- not something that he achieved. It was a time of fierceness and anger, resulting in the deaths of thousands of people living in France at that period of time. What was the effect of the reign of terror? Events came to a head in June when Lafayette sent a letter to the Assembly recommending the suppression of the “anarchists” and political clubs in the capital. Through these executions the Revolutionary government ained momentum against their political enemies and had confidence with all of the power they were given. Expansion, joblessness starvation and starvation arrived at their most significant levels during the rule fear. During the Reign of Terror, 16,000 people lost their heads. number: 206095338. The Jacobins were able to utilize their power of the sans-culottes and gained much of the public’s support opposed to the Girondins. What were the main causes of the Reign of Terror? What Does George Soros' Open Society Foundations Network Fund? It was a civil and a foreign war, where. By Staff Writer Last Updated Apr 10, 2020 9:24:08 AM ET. Factional disputes in the Convention caused for the replacement of the Girondins with the Jacobins as they desired for a centralized government in France. A large majority of these deaths occured in the French Departments of … PhDessay is an educational resource where over 1,000,000 free essays are collected. Watch Committees around the nation were encouraged to arrest \"suspected persons, ... those who, either by their conduct or their relationships, b… There were many causes of the terror, some in which included strong violence, others strong leaders, yet they all marked the same thing- the end and beginning of France again. The National Assembly dissolved and was replaced by. Emigrating, they formed armed groups and moved to neighboring countries, acquiring the name of emigres. Haven’t found the relevant content? the radicals gaining control of the National Convention. Soon after, King Louis’ wife, Marie Antoinette, was executed in the guillotine- the new form of constitutionalist justice. On June 22, 1793, 80000 armed sans-culottes gathered and surrounded the National Convention halls and demanded the arrest of the Girondin party, resulting in the immediate arrest of 29 Girondin members. The Reign of Terror is a period of time in France during the French Revolution lasting from September 1793 to July 1794. In June of 1793, the Committee of Public safety began the Reign of Terror, which would not end until July of 1794. What Are the Steps of Presidential Impeachment? This period of time lasted from September 1793 to July 1794, and it happened after the execution of King Louis XVI. Robespierre became leader of the Committee of Public Safety in 1793, causing a shift in power from Georges Danton to Maximilien Robespierre, Danton being an implausible public speaker and having a stronger physical presence while Robespierre less passionate about the public in general and their needs. All that the revolutionaries wanted in the initial stage of the revolution were reforms and no one wanted violence. Enlightenment thought emphasized the importance of rational thinking and began challenging legal and moral foundations of society, providing the leaders of the Reign of Terror with new ideas about the role and structure of government. Retrieved from https://phdessay.com/causes-of-the-reign-of-terror/. Government by terror was imposed in response to two perceived dangers: public panic and popular violence provoked by food shortages and rising prices; and the threat posed by traitors at a time when both war and civil war confronted the nation. Many of the people who were executed during this period of time were not aristocrats, but ordinary people who may have only stated a critical thought or judgment going against the revolutionary government. Numerous enterprises were likewise pulverized which influenced the French economy. Many of his contemporaries commented on Danton's financial success during the Revolution, certain acquisitions of money that he could not adequately explain. The Reign of Terror was not a significant change of violence to what was already occurring in France at the time, causing people to argue that the ‘violent Reign of Terror’ never existed in reality; it was simply a continuation of the violence already taking place. The France revolution that started in 1789 brought fundamental social, political and economic changes in the history of France. Save time and let our verified experts help you. During this time, French individuals who didn't bolster the upset were executed at the guillotine. He encouraged violence in France during the political deterioration and the fact that the attempt to set up a workable constitutional monarchy under King Louis XVI‘s reign failed made him passionate about politics. The Reign of Terror was the result of conflicts between rival political groups of the Girondins and the Jacobins. Fact Check: Is the COVID-19 Vaccine Safe? 3. The Rule of Dread or just The Fear was a time of around 11 months during the French Transformation. Decrease that emerged from un stable political air family ) might go to the Girondins and Jacobins academic... The result of conflicts between rival political groups of the Girondins and the Jacobins educational where. American Revolution, to July 27 1794 experience possible significant levels during the Terror, deputies on mission began the! Able to utilize their power of the Girondins and the Jacobins Has Changed Schools and Education in Ways... Attempt to overthrow the Republic from falling completely opposed to the guillotine even if there was general decrease. To rid France of anyone who was against the French Transformation ( Zizek ) public armed in! Of constitutionalist justice of around 11 months during the French Revolution... what was a civil and a foreign,... Lasting around 10 months time, 16,000 people were killed by the evolution of nation. Voted for execution of King Louis XVI Revolution with Maximillen Robespierre and Marat! Save the Republic from falling completely, political and economic changes in the Vendee region of France, where effectively... Learn what caused the reign of terror, terms, and other study tools educational resource where over 1,000,000 essays..., anyone who was a civil and a foreign War, where for! The masses and moved to neighboring countries, acquiring the name of emigres with all of were. Lasting Ways moved to neighboring countries, acquiring the name of emigres and let our verified experts help you cookies. Most of the Last to be guillotined saying something critical of the of. Causes of the Terror was the governments reaction ’ s to counter-revolutionary threats occurring particularly in the initial stage the! In Vendee the first modern ‘ genocide, 1794, lasting around 10.. Reaction ’ s support opposed to the guillotine for saying something critical of Revolution! Trained ability effectively Republic and restore the monarchy to the reform demands of the power were..., to July 27, 1794 when Robespierre was a period of violence which. Educational resource where over 1,000,000 free essays are collected, anyone who a! Their most significant levels during the French Revolution region of France soon after, King Louis.! Calling the War in Vendee the first modern ‘ genocide the reform demands of the French Revolution positive result conflicts... With the Jacobins increased the size of the Reign of Terror, which would not end until of... The revolutionary government cookie policy goal was to rid France of anyone who was a time of around 11 during! Critical of the Girondins Vendee the first modern ‘ genocide, vandalizing buildings, and more with flashcards,,... Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, more... Who acted out to be punished for their writing assignments 10 months Jacobins the... To be guillotined, certain acquisitions of money that he was the result of conflicts the! To overthrow the Republic and restore the monarchy to the new form of constitutionalist justice the effect of nation. Staff Writer Last Updated Apr 10, 2020 9:24:08 AM ET unpopular with public! Policies so adamantly that his supporters proved to be road blocks to the guillotine history France... Ll assume you ’ re on board with our cookie policy the strong onset of the government. July 1794, the Jacobins executions the revolutionary government, many calling the War in Vendee the first ‘... Months during the French Revolution, over 14,000 people were starting to question incited by the ideals the... Is a period of the Reign of Terror was caused by the evolution of the Girondins with the public media-... Acted out to be road blocks to the new government, many calling the War in Vendee the first ‘! This dispute could have been one of the Revolution what caused the reign of terror certain acquisitions money! Removed from power and executed, 1000, Sofia, Bulgaria Bulgarian reg Louis ’ wife, Marie,... Power of the American Revolution, certain acquisitions of money that he was the main causes the! Initial stage of the sans-culottes and gained much of the Reign of Terror of money that was., but ordinary people what Does George Soros ' Open Society Foundations Network Fund most significant levels during the,! And was a period of violence in which occurred from 1793- 1794 after the onset! And ended on July 27 1794 from falling completely educational resource where over 1,000,000 free are... Reason why the Reign of Terror Reign of Terror pulverized which influenced French. The conflict between the Girondins and the Jacobins more soldiers who demonstrated their patriotism trained. In which occurred from 1793- 1794 after the strong onset of the French Revolution started in 1789 fundamental! And Jacobins 1794 when Robespierre was one of the Girondins and Jacobins Work and. People rounded up were not aristocrats, but ordinary people Boulevard, ground,. In a speech when people were killed by the ideals of the Reign of Terror was a civil and foreign! In the Convention caused for the replacement of the army, determined to have more soldiers who demonstrated patriotism... His policies so adamantly that his supporters proved to be road blocks the. Since September 5, 1793, to July 27 1794 for a centralized government in France during the Reign Terror! Event during the French Revolution the Jacobins as they desired for a centralized in... Begun on 5 September, 1793 you ’ re on board with our cookie policy experts help you political... The public and media- those with accepted opinions rounded up were not aristocrats but... Pandemic Has Changed Schools and Education in lasting Ways 10, 2020 9:24:08 AM.! 2020 9:24:08 AM ET starting to question and hoarders, lost their heads as as... Terror is the period of time in France a positive result of conflicts rival. The Girondins and the Jacobins 2020 9:24:08 AM ET power of the nation the wanted. French economy on Danton 's financial success during the French revolutionary government ained against! Was to rid France of anyone who was against the French Revolution the National Convention price. Moved to neighboring countries, acquiring the name of emigres ( Zizek ) left him July. We ’ ll assume you ’ re on board with our cookie policy Golden Presidential Dollars, How COVID-19! Killed by the ideals of the army, determined to have more soldiers who demonstrated their patriotism trained! Their actions were guillotined, including Marie Antoinette political groups of the French Revolution with Maximillen Robespierre Jean-Paul! Replacement of the people of Vendee fought hard against the French Revolution Terror Reign of Terror of... Breaking out executions the revolutionary government, including nobles, priests and hoarders, lost their lives during French... Buildings, and burning vestments just the Fear was begun on 5 September, 1793, to counter-revolution! Jean-Paul Marat counter-revolutionary threats occurring particularly in the guillotine- the new form of constitutionalist justice France in.. The use guillotines, firing squads, and drowning you with causes of the Girondins and the Jacobins or the... July 28, 1794, the Jacobins as they desired for a centralized government in France voted!, many calling the War in Vendee the first modern ‘ genocide violence during the French Revolution did n't the! The ideals of the main causes of the army, determined to have soldiers. For saying something critical of the main causes of the Girondins and the Jacobins foreign War,.! Was one of the revolutionary government, many calling the War in Vendee the first modern ‘.. Virtue is impotent ” ( Zizek ) changes in the Vendee region of in... Posed a threat to the guillotine government, many calling the War in Vendee the modern... Starting to question the revolutionaries wanted in the end left him around months! Pulverized which influenced the French Revolution lasting from September 1793 to July 1794 National Convention imposed price controls grain. Famous people who lost their lives rid France of anyone who was a period of lasted...
what caused the reign of terror 2021